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Expressions used with 'avoir'

 

The verb 'avoir' is used in some expressions where we do NOT use the verb 'to have' in English. Here are some of the most common:

When we talk about our age:

J'ai vingt-trois ans.  (I am 23.)
Quel âge a-t-il? ( How old is he?)
Elle a sept ans. (She is 7.)
Vous avez quel âge? (How old are you?)

When you talk about what you need:

J'ai besoin de trois oeufs. (I need three eggs.)
As-tu besoin d'argent?  (Do you need any money?)
Il a besoin de faire du sport.  (He needs to do some exercise.)
Nous n'avons pas besoin de rien. ( We don't need anything.)
Ont-ils besoin d'aide? (Do they need any help?)

When you talk about what you are afraid of:

J'ai peur de prendre l'avion.( I'm afraid of flying.)
A-t-il peur de moi? (Is he afraid of me?)
Nous avons peur de faire une erreur. (We are afraid of making a mistake.)
Les filles ont peur du noir. (The girls are afraid of the dark.)

When we talk about heat or cold:

Tu as froid. (You're cold.)
Il n'a pas chaud. ( He isn't warm.)
Avez-vous trop chaud? (Are you too hot?)
Elles n'ont pas froid. (They aren't cold.)

When we talk about being hungry or thirsty:

J'ai faim. (I'm hungry.)
As-tu soif? (Are you thirsty.)
Il n'a pas faim. (He isn't hungry.)
Nous avons soif. (We are thirsty.)

When we say we are right or wrong:

J'ai raison. (I'm right.)
Il n'a pas tort. (He's not wrong.)
Nous avons raison. (We're right.)
Ils ont tort. (They're wrong.)

exercise 1

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